DATA INSPIRED

[Classic] #37. Henri Bergson’s “Creative Evolution”

Henri Bergson’s “Creative Evolution” explores the metaphysical meaning of life and evolution. He describes life as a creative impetus opposing material determinism, crucial for understanding life and evolution. Bergson’s philosophy has influenced modern biology and natural sciences, offering profound insights into the relationship between intellect and matter.

Author Introduction

Henri Bergson (1859-1941) was born to a Polish Jewish father and an English mother in France. Demonstrating academic brilliance from a young age, he excelled in mathematics, geometry, Latin, and French essays. After graduating from the École Normale Supérieure, he taught at various high schools before pursuing his research in philosophy. Bergson published several influential works, including “An Introduction to Metaphysics” (1888) and “Matter and Memory” (1896), culminating in his masterpiece “Creative Evolution” (1907). He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1928 and passed away in 1941​​​​.

Summary of the Book

“Creative Evolution” encapsulates Bergson’s metaphysical exploration of creation and evolution. The book discusses Bergson’s unique concepts, explaining life and evolution through a philosophical lens, intersecting with scientific principles. Bergson’s work has significantly influenced modern biology and natural sciences​​.

Key Concepts

  1. Vital Impetus and Flow of Life
    • Bergson describes life as ‘vital impetus,’ opposing material necessity. This concept is central to understanding the creative evolution process, portraying life as a force that confronts material determinism​​.
  2. Relationship between Intellect and Matter
    • Bergson elucidates the emergence of intellect, detailing how it perceives and adapts to matter. He explains that the intellect forms geometrical schemas through the material form, and matter tends to solidify according to the intellect’s form .
  3. Metaphysical Meaning of Life and Evolution
    • Bergson interprets evolution not only as a biological phenomenon but also as a metaphysical process involving creation. He contrasts organic work and mechanical construction, emphasizing the self-organizing process of living beings .
  4. Duration and Space
    • Bergson explores the concepts of duration and space to explain the relationship between matter and intellect. He argues that pure duration represents the flow of life, while space reflects the formal characteristics of intellect that comprehend matter as having a geometrical nature .

Reflections

Bergson’s “Creative Evolution” provides profound philosophical insights into life and evolution. His description of life as a creative impetus opposing material determinism is crucial for understanding the essence of life and evolution. Bergson’s philosophy has significantly influenced modern biology and natural sciences.

He elaborates on the relationship between intellect and matter, explaining how the intellect perceives and adapts to matter. His argument that the intellect’s formal characteristics play a pivotal role in comprehending matter as having a geometrical nature offers essential insights into the interaction between intellect and matter.

답글 남기기

이메일 주소는 공개되지 않습니다. 필수 필드는 *로 표시됩니다